Motosacoche - 2 C 10 F
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Motosacoche D2-492-77-11
Photo ou archives : F-M. Dumas

Capacity : 500
Model : 2 C 10 F
Production : 1924 -
Category : (R) Racing


500 Model 2 C 10 F (Type Franconi) - 1923

Famous Swiss twins

The most famous of the many Geneva-based motorcycle constructors, Motosacoche began making V-twins in 1913, with a 6 hp 730cc unit – the company's first F-head engine. It was soon followed by a 495cc V-twin available with the option of either F-head (overhead intake, side exhaust) or overhead-valve cylinders.

Common Parts

These two versions, which were produced until the late 1920s, had identical crankcases, with the same magneto and camshaft drives. As a result of this standardization, the pushrods and rockers on the ohv 2 C 10 model were asymmetrical and looked very odd.

Offset Pushrods

The inner pushrods operated the exhaust valves through very short rockers, while the outer pushrods actuated the exhaust valves with excessively long rockers (inset photo). From this overhead-valve model, some extremely sporty and powerful versions were developed in the early 1920s, the best-known of which was ridden with much success by François Franconi, the most famous Swiss rider of his day. The 2 C 10 F (for Franconi) won, among other events, one of the first of the terrible hill-climbs on the Col du Klausen in Switzerland. With a similar model, the Swiss Augusto Rossi set, on August 26, 1923, a staggering record of 106.5 mph over a flying kilometer. The former world record, set by an Indian in the US, was 103.6 mph.


Engine: 495cc (64x77mm) air-cooled V-twin four-stroke

Power Rating: over 20 hp (on methanol)

Valves: overhead

Fuel System: single carburetor

Transmission: 3-speed hand-shift, chain final drive

Suspension: girder telescopic forks with triple springs (front); rigid (rear)

Brakes: rim (front & rear)

Wheels: wire clincher (front & rear)

Weight: 276 lb

Maximum Speed: 81 mph (on gasoline)

The extremely rare 2 C 10 F of François Franconi taking part in the 1993 commemorative hill-climb on the Col du Klausen (Switzerland) – which it won in the 1920s.

Motorcycle encyclopedia Moto Passion, realised by François-Marie Dumas, include almost 2000 photos presented with an exhaustive history of the motorcycles exhibited.

This unique collection has been realised with the participation of many specialists. With many thanks in particular to Yves Campion, Michael Dregni, Didier Ganneau, Jean Goyard, Helmut Krackowizer, Michel Montange, Christian Rey, Bernard Salvat, Mick Woollett, etc

One can order here

  • Original cards on paper (in french)
  • High resolution scans or original documents presented and signed with my name.

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François-Marie Dumas

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