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 BSA - 557 4 1/2 HP & Side-car
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BSA 4 1/2 HP & Side-car motocyclette motorrad motorcycle vintage classic classique scooter roller moto scooter
Photo ou archives : M. Woollett

Capacity : 557
Model : 4 1/2 HP & Side-car
Production : 1914 -
Category : (R) Street Bike


557cc 4.5 hp & Sidecar - 1914

Complete outfit

This BSA single and sidecar were sold as a Small Arms Company was founded in the 1860s to make rifles for the British Army, and had begun making cycle components when a time of peace caused profits to slump.

First Motorbike

It was not until 1910 that BSA built its first motorcycle, a side-valve 500cc single with direct-belt drive, launched at the Olympia Show in London at the end of the year.

Modem Construction

The bore and stroke of that first BSA was 85x88mm, and it was soon joined by a 557cc derivative with the stroke increased to 98 mm. Catalogued as a sidecar machine, this motorcycle was sold with a BSA-built sidecar. Whereas most manufacturers still offered woven wickerwork sidecar bodies, the BSA "chair" was astoundingly modern, with metal panels over a wooden frame. In 1914, this 4.5 hp 557cc model cost around $90 in addition to the $30 for the sidecar (windshield and top included). The 4.5 hp BSA was fitted with an extremely modern three-speed gearbox with small metal clutches between the gears acting as a primitive synchromesh, which allowed the gears to be changed in a single motion without using the foot clutch. The final drive was by belt.


Engine: 557cc (85x98mm) air-cooled single-cylinder four-stroke

Power Rating: 4.5 hp @ 3000 rpm

Valves: side

Fuel System: carburetor

Transmission: separate chain-driven BSA 3- speed, belt final drive

Suspension: center-sprung girder forks (front); rigid (rear)

Brakes: dummy (front); belt rim (rear)

Wheels: 26 inch clincher (front & rear)

Maximum Speed: 35 mph with sidecar

Purchased by its original owner in October 1914, this side-valve BSA is still attached to its original BSA "No 2" sidecar and was discovered in a warehouse where it had lain forgotten for 42 years.

Le fichier Moto Passion réalisé par François-Marie Dumas réunit près de deux mille photos accompagnées d'un historique très complet des machines présentées.
Il sera progressivement mis à jour ici et toute information complémentaire est la bienvenue sur info@moto-collection.org.

Cette documentation unique, qui constitue sans doute l'encyclopédie la plus exhaustive jamais écrite sur l'histoire de la moto, a été réalisée avec l'assistance de nombreux spécialistes dont principalement Didier Ganneau, Christophe Gaime, Mick Woollett, Jean Goyard, Bernard Salvat, Christian Rey, Yves Campion, Helmut Krackowizer, Michael Dregni, Michel Montange, etc. que je remercie ici.

Disponible sur demande :
- Les fiches originales sur papier
- Les photos et archives signées de mon nom en haute définition ou les documents originaux.
Me contacter sur info@moto-collection.org pour les conditions et droits d'utilisation.