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 Daimler - 264 Einspur
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Daimler Einspur motocyclette motorrad motorcycle vintage classic classique scooter roller moto scooter
Photo ou archives : F-M. Dumas

Capacity : 264
Model : Einspur
Production : 1885 - 1885
Category : (R) Street Bike


"Reitwagen mit petroleum motor” – 1885

For engine test only

 The invention of the pedal-driven velocipede in the mid-19th century inspired the concept of a motorized two-wheeler, but though Michaux in France and Roper in the United States experimented with steam-powered velocipedes, the idea failed to catch on.

 Universal Power Source

But when Gottlieb Daimler built his first internal combustion engine in the 1880s, he wanted a testing ground to prove the potential of his "universal power source." An engine of just 264 cc was fitted into a crude bicycle made of wood; the machine had outrigged steady wheels and was christened "Einspur" ("single track").

 Hot Tube Ignition

It used petroleum for fuel and an ignition system in which a hollow tube projecting into the cylinder was heated by a Bunsen burner: the compressed gas/air mixture was forced into the tube on the compression stroke and exploded. Having proved his engine on the crude Einspur, Gottlieb Daimler moved on to horseless carriages that his engineer Wilhelm Maybach ultimately developed into the first Mercedes in 1901, shortly after Daimler's death. Although the Einspur was really the grandfather of the Mercedes, it was also the first gasoline-powered motorcycle.



• Engine: 264cc single-cylinder four-stroke

• Power output: 0.5 hp @ 700 rpm

• Valves: atmospheric inlet, cam-controlled exhaust

• Fuel system surface carburetor

• Transmission: primary drive by belt, final drive by spur wheel

• Suspension: none

• Brakes: cord-operated shoe on rear tire supplemented by rider's feet on ground

• Wheels: iron-tired wood-spoked

.Daimler's original prototype was destroyed in a fire that burned down the company's factory in 1903; this is one of a number of replicas exhibited in German museums.

Le fichier Moto Passion réalisé par François-Marie Dumas réunit près de deux mille photos accompagnées d'un historique très complet des machines présentées.
Il sera progressivement mis à jour ici et toute information complémentaire est la bienvenue sur info@moto-collection.org.

Cette documentation unique, qui constitue sans doute l'encyclopédie la plus exhaustive jamais écrite sur l'histoire de la moto, a été réalisée avec l'assistance de nombreux spécialistes dont principalement Didier Ganneau, Christophe Gaime, Mick Woollett, Jean Goyard, Bernard Salvat, Christian Rey, Yves Campion, Helmut Krackowizer, Michael Dregni, Michel Montange, etc. que je remercie ici.

Disponible sur demande :
- Les fiches originales sur papier
- Les photos et archives signées de mon nom en haute définition ou les documents originaux.
Me contacter sur info@moto-collection.org pour les conditions et droits d'utilisation.