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 Hägglund - 300 XM 74 Enduro
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Hägglund XM 74 Enduro motocyclette motorrad motorcycle vintage classic classique scooter roller moto scooter
Photo ou archives : F-M. Dumas

Capacity : 300
Model : XM 74 Enduro
Production : 1972 -
Category : (On-Off) Military


350 XM 74 Enduro · 1974

Nordic warhorse

Sweden's motorcycle industry is best known for the products of Husqvarna, Monark, and, more recently, Husaberg. But another firm, specializing in the production of armored half-track vehicles, has been producing motorcycles since the start of the Seventies. When the Swedish Army was looking for a new military motorcycle, Husqvarna and Monark responded with bikes derived from their enduro machines, but Hagglunds turned their total lack of two-wheeler experience into a virtue, allowing their engineer Bjorn Andersson to approach the problem with a totally clear outlook.

Pressed steel frame and Infinitely Variable Transmission

The XM 72, unveiled in 1972, was highly original, with its monotube front suspension, its spoked wheels, its disk brakes, and its pressed-steel backbone frame. The military authorities were bowled over by how easy it was to control, thanks to its infinitely variable automatic transmission. But the cycle part was not so satisfactory, and Hagglunds had to go back to the drawing board.

Unsuccessful Bid

The second version, XM 7 4, was slightly more conventional, and the faults had been ironed out, but Husqvarna wound up getting the military contract over Hagglunds. Hagglunds sought consolation by returning to its traditional enduro products, and the forty or so XM 74s which had been built were acquired by the factory employees, who now run twice-yearly enduros restricted to these machines.


Engine: Air-cooled Bombardier-Rotax 345cc (76x76mm) single-cylinder

Power Rating: 24 hp @ 3300 rpm

Valves: two-stroke

Fuel System: Tillotson automatic diaphragm carburetor

Transmission: Variable-pulley belt drive

Suspension: Monotube telescopic (front); single arm (rear)

Brakes: disc (front); disc (rear)

Wheels: spoked 21in (front); 18in (rear)

Weight: 306 lb with military equipment


The second version of the Hägglunds was developed by Bill Nilsson, twice world motocross champion.


Le fichier Moto Passion réalisé par François-Marie Dumas réunit près de deux mille photos accompagnées d'un historique très complet des machines présentées.
Il sera progressivement mis à jour ici et toute information complémentaire est la bienvenue sur info@moto-collection.org.

Cette documentation unique, qui constitue sans doute l'encyclopédie la plus exhaustive jamais écrite sur l'histoire de la moto, a été réalisée avec l'assistance de nombreux spécialistes dont principalement Didier Ganneau, Christophe Gaime, Mick Woollett, Jean Goyard, Bernard Salvat, Christian Rey, Yves Campion, Helmut Krackowizer, Michael Dregni, Michel Montange, etc. que je remercie ici.

Disponible sur demande :
- Les fiches originales sur papier
- Les photos et archives signées de mon nom en haute définition ou les documents originaux.
Me contacter sur info@moto-collection.org pour les conditions et droits d'utilisation.