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 Honda - ST A Pan European
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Honda D2-492-41-13
Photo ou archives : M. Montange

Capacity : 1100
Model : ST A Pan European
Production : 1990 - 1995
Category : (R) Street Bike


ST 1100 Pan European - 1989

Supreme grand tourer

Rare are manufacturers who have dared to invest colossal sums on the development of an entirely new model intended for a single market. Rarer yet is the instance of a Japanese motorcycle specifically conceived as a grand tourer. However, the Honda Pan European proved an historic exception to the rule.

Longitudinal V 4 Engine

Honda gave its all in developing an entirely new engine to satisfy the exclusive requirements of the European market (sales of GT bikes are negligible in the US and Japan). Its most original feature – a V4 engine set longitudinally in the frame – had rarely been seen in the history of motor-cycling but made for a very narrow machine.

Eliminating the Torque Reaction

The longitudinal crankshaft made it easy to adopt shaft drive. To eliminate the torque reaction of a longitudinally-mounted engine, the gearbox rotated in the opposite direction. The valve gear was driven by a cogged belt – as on the Gold Wing series – and the engine was housed in a tubular double-cradle frame. For better weight distribution, the tank was mounted below the saddle. Finally, the ST 1100 was endowed in 1991 with anti-lock braking on the rear wheel. Despite its weight, the ST 1100 handles extraordinarily well. Though its flexibility isn't outstanding, the engine is remarkably long-legged, which makes it ideal for long journeys where there is no necessity to play tunes on the gearbox. The fairing offers effective protection; twin panniers are optional. The ST 1100 is comfortable, but you're always aware of its weight of nearly 700 lb.


Engine: 1085cc (73x65mm) water-cooled 90-degree V4 four-stroke

Power Rating: 102 hp @ 7500 rpm

Valves: twin overhead-camshafts/ 16 valves

Fuel System: four 32rrun carburetors

Transmission: 5-speed, shaft final drive

Suspension: telescopic forks (front); swing arm with monodamper (rear)

Brakes: twin discs (front); disc (rear)

Wheels: 18 inch (front); 17 inch (rear)

Weight: 624 lb

Maximum Speed: 135 mph

Sober and superbly finished, the Honda Pan European has established a reputation as one of the finest grand touring bikes of its generation.


Motorcycle encyclopedia Moto Passion, realised by François-Marie Dumas, include almost 2000 photos presented with an exhaustive history of the motorcycles exhibited.

This unique collection has been realised with the participation of many specialists. With many thanks in particular to Yves Campion, Michael Dregni, Didier Ganneau, Jean Goyard, Helmut Krackowizer, Michel Montange, Christian Rey, Bernard Salvat, Mick Woollett, etc

One can order here

  • Original cards on paper (in french)
  • High resolution scans or original documents presented and signed with my name.

Please contact me at info@moto-collection.org for conditions and copyright.

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François-Marie Dumas

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