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 Puch - 125 SV
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Photo ou archives : F-M. Dumas

Capacity : 125
Model : SV
Production : 1953 - 1967
Category : (R) Street Bike


125 SV - 1956

Two cylinders make one engine

Firing on every second stroke, the two-stroke is twice as efficient as the four-stroke and simpler to manufacture. It needs no intake and exhaust valves. The intake of the fuel/oil mixture and the evacuation of the burnt gases are governed by the piston, which compresses the fresh gas in the crankcase and then uncovers the transfer port, admitting the gas burnt to the combustion chamber.

Simple in Theory, Complex in Practice

The principal is simple but works less well in practice. The burnt gases are not completely expelled from the cylinder and the engine does not perform well at certain speeds. Modern two-strokes solve these problems by incorporating such complex methods of controlling the exhaust with rotary valves.

Up From the Ashes

In the past, one of the most effective ways of preventing fresh and burnt gases from mingling was to use two cylinders with a common combustion chamber. This method, used in the interwar years by DKW in Germany and Puch in Austria, gave a fuel consumption approaching that of a four-stroke while preserving the responsiveness associated with two-strokes. The Puch factories were badly damaged by Allied bombing during the War, but Puch was back in production as early as 1946. A new range of "split-single" two-strokes appeared in 1951, with pressed-steel frames and telescopic forks. Though costly, they sold well until the early 1960s. The 175 SV, launched at the 1953 Geneva Salon, was the first with the fashionable 16 inch wheels.


Engine: 172cc (45x67mm) "split-single"; compression ratio 6.5:1

Power Rating: 10 hp @ 5800 rpm

Valves: two-stroke

Fuel System: 24mm carburetor

Transmission: 4-speed; final drive by chain

Suspension: telescopic fork (front); swinging

fork with two spring-damper units (rear)

Brakes: 160mm drum (front & rear)

Wheels: 16 inch wire (front & rear)

Weight: 242 lb

Maximum Speed: 56 mph

Lively and reliable, the Puch 125, 175 and 250 were highly successful during the 1950s.

Le fichier Moto Passion réalisé par François-Marie Dumas réunit près de deux mille photos accompagnées d'un historique très complet des machines présentées.
Il sera progressivement mis à jour ici et toute information complémentaire est la bienvenue sur info@moto-collection.org.

Cette documentation unique, qui constitue sans doute l'encyclopédie la plus exhaustive jamais écrite sur l'histoire de la moto, a été réalisée avec l'assistance de nombreux spécialistes dont principalement Didier Ganneau, Christophe Gaime, Mick Woollett, Jean Goyard, Bernard Salvat, Christian Rey, Yves Campion, Helmut Krackowizer, Michael Dregni, Michel Montange, etc. que je remercie ici.

Disponible sur demande :
- Les fiches originales sur papier
- Les photos et archives signées de mon nom en haute définition ou les documents originaux.
Me contacter sur info@moto-collection.org pour les conditions et droits d'utilisation.