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 Suzuki - 650 XN 85 Turbo
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Photo ou archives : F-M. Dumas

Capacity : 650
Model : XN 85 Turbo
Production : 1981 - 1982
Category : (R) Street Bike


650 XN 85 -1982

An unexpected innovation

Of the Japanese Big Four, Suzuki was the most reluctant to follow the fashion for turbochargers. But there are times when commercial sense dictates that you have to follow the current trend. So, though everything was well conceived, it was with a certain lack of conviction that Suzuki set about turning a classic 650 into a turbo, starting with the addition of a Mikuni-Bosch L-Jetronic injection system.

A Far from Ideal Installation

The turbo was mounted above the gearbox; the position was poorly ventilated and a long way from the exhaust headers. This layout had little beneficial effect on the power output; the XN85 had little more performance than the normally aspirated 650, and its lackluster engine could scarcely claim to offer any sort of "turbo effect."

Outstanding Frame Design

It was the frame that qualified the XN85 for the history books. The prototype had the benefit of an oil-tight chain case, which was dropped from me production version, but along with the Honda VF 750 F - the XN85 was the first cataloged bike with a 16-inch

front wheel. In conjunction with a frame design that was highly successful in all respects, this rescued the short career of a machine whose power unit was highly deceptive on more than one count. Shortly afterwards, this excellent handling mix reappeared on the GSX 550 and 750 E.


Engine: 673cc (62x55.8mm) air-cooled transverse four-cylinder four-stroke

Power Rating: 85 hp @ 7500 rpm

Valves: twin overhead camshafts and turbocharger

Fuel System: Mikuni-Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection

Transmission: 5-speed; d1ain final drive

Suspension: telescopic forks (front); swinging fork (rear)

Brakes: disk (front & rear)

Wheels: 1 00/90x16 inch (front); 120/90xl7 inch (rear)

Weight: 518 lb

Maximum Speed: 131mph


The XN85, still the only Suzuki bike to be fitted with fuel injection in the 90Â’s, had outstanding road-holding characteristics.

Le fichier Moto Passion réalisé par François-Marie Dumas réunit près de deux mille photos accompagnées d'un historique très complet des machines présentées.
Il sera progressivement mis à jour ici et toute information complémentaire est la bienvenue sur info@moto-collection.org.

Cette documentation unique, qui constitue sans doute l'encyclopédie la plus exhaustive jamais écrite sur l'histoire de la moto, a été réalisée avec l'assistance de nombreux spécialistes dont principalement Didier Ganneau, Christophe Gaime, Mick Woollett, Jean Goyard, Bernard Salvat, Christian Rey, Yves Campion, Helmut Krackowizer, Michael Dregni, Michel Montange, etc. que je remercie ici.

Disponible sur demande :
- Les fiches originales sur papier
- Les photos et archives signées de mon nom en haute définition ou les documents originaux.
Me contacter sur info@moto-collection.org pour les conditions et droits d'utilisation.