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 Yamaha - XZ
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Yamaha D2-492-29-03
Photo ou archives : F-M. Dumas

Capacity : 550
Model : XZ
Production : 1982 -
Category : (R) Street Bike


XZ550 -1981

An ugly duckling

In 1981, Yamaha, the firm with the tuningfork logo, gave itself the daunting task of unseating Honda, the world's leading motorcycle manufacturer. Pushed on by its boss, Hisao Koike, Yamaha dedicated vast sums of money to this purpose.

Head-On Attack

At that period, Honda had a far more diverse selection of bikes. But, undeterred, Yamaha attacked its rival head-on, on every front, adding to and renewing its range.

Promising but Fatally Flawed

The XZ550 - an entirely new medium capacity Vtwin - was born out of this period of feverish activity. It appeared to be a real stormer, with its twin overhead-cam fourvalveheads and liquid cooling. However, its four-cylinder rivals - notably the very successful Kawasaki - still maintained their edge in that department. The XZ550 attempted to be aesthetically innovative, with angular lines and rear-set front hub, but only succeeded in alienating its customers. On the sales front, its shaft drive alienated sporting riders, while the tourists distrusted its sophisticated specifications. Worse still, it proved to be mechanically temperamental, and its carburetion problems were never resolved. Its reputation plummeted rapidly, and Yamaha tried to shift their remaining stock by the hasty addition of a fairing to create a new "S" version. The promising but fatally flawed XZ, the victim of Koike's vaulting ambition, became the symbol of Yamaha's lack of judgment during that time.


Engine: 552cc (80x55mm) liquid-cooled 70- degree V-twin four-stroke

Power Rating: 64 hp @ 9500 rpm

Valves: twin overhead-camshafts, 4 valves per cylinder

Fuel System: two inverted 34mm carburetors

Transmission: 5-speed, shaft final drive

Suspension: telescopic forks (front); cantilever (rear) .

Brakes: twin discs (front); drum (rear)

Wheels: 90/90 (front); 4.35/85x18 inch (rear)

Weight: 417 lb

Maximum Speed: 118 mph


Tbe combination of original styling and high-tech specifications should have made the XZ550 one of the great bikes of the 1980s- but it was a dud.


Motorcycle encyclopedia Moto Passion, realised by François-Marie Dumas, include almost 2000 photos presented with an exhaustive history of the motorcycles exhibited.

This unique collection has been realised with the participation of many specialists. With many thanks in particular to Yves Campion, Michael Dregni, Didier Ganneau, Jean Goyard, Helmut Krackowizer, Michel Montange, Christian Rey, Bernard Salvat, Mick Woollett, etc

One can order here

  • Original cards on paper (in french)
  • High resolution scans or original documents presented and signed with my name.

Please contact me at for conditions and copyright.

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François-Marie Dumas

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